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深圳成考专升本形容词和副词归纳及练习二

时间:2016-01-17 13:21:19作者:深圳智学学习网

一、原级比较的基本用法

1. 原级比较由“as+形容词或副词(或再加名词或短语)+as ”构成“原级相同”比较句,表示两者比较;其否定式,即“程度不及”比较句型为“not soas+形容词或副词+as”,而且asas结构前可用justalmostnearlyquite等表示程度的词修饰。

2. “as so+名词+as+名词”进行名词比较,这时一般情况下有一个表示原级的比较词,但如果第一名词前出现了形容词修饰该词或出现副词修饰谓语,应当用so而不用as

二、比较级

1. 比较级由“形容词(副词)比较级+than+…,”构成表示在两者中间一方比另一方“更加…”。连词than后可接句子,也可接名词、代词、名词短语、介词短语、动词、动词不定式、ing结构和ed结构,有时也可省去than

2. 注意than前后两项相比较的人或事物要一致

三、最高级

1. 最高级用于三者以上比较,形容词的结构形式是“定冠词+形容词最高级+名词+表示范围的短语或从句”(如allof allof the treein the worldthat has ever taken place等)。

2. 副词的最高级与形容词最高级的区别在于最高级前没有定冠词the

四、同步练习

1)Walking briskly for thirty minutes will burn as many calories as.

[A] to run for fifteen minutes

[B] running for fifteen minutes

[C] you run for fifteen minutes

[D] fifteen minute walking

解析:B为正确答案。

2)The gorilla(大猩猩),while [A] not quite as curious than [B] the chimpanzee(黑猩猩),shows more persistence [C] and memory retention(记忆力)in solving [D] a problem.

解析:B错。改为as ,和前面的as和形容词原形curious 一起构成同程度比较。

3) Alaska is twice [A] as larger [B] as [C] the next largest [D] stateTexas.

解析:B错。改为as large.

4) Thomas Jefferson's achievements as an architect               rival his contributions a politician.

[A] such [B] more [C] as [D] than

解析:C对。动词rival(胜过、匹敌)前后是两个相比较的成分achievements(成果)和 contributions(贡献),由于前面的名词后出现了短语 as an architect,故空白处也应用as,使前后对比成分一致。

5)I should say Henry is not             much a writer as a reporter.

[A] that [B] so [C] this [D] as

解析:B为正确答案。

6)Natural mica(云母)of [A] a superior [B] quality is cheapest [C] to obtain than synthetic [D] mica.

解析:C错。应改为比较级cheaper.比较级后并不一定跟接连词than,有时在其间有名词或名词短语(被形容词所修饰),介词短语,不定式或其他成分隔开。

7)She is older than                        .

[A] any other girl in the group [B] any girl in the group

[C] all girls in the group [D] you and me as well as the group

解析:A为正确答案。“She”作为单个不能跟全组比(CD不对),也不能跟全组所有相比,因为“她”也是其中一员,自然“她”不能跟自己相比。这里“She”比较的是“这组中的任何一个”,所以A对。

8)Josephine McCrackin joined [A] the Santa Cruz Sentinel in 1905 anduntil her death fifteen years late [B] remained [C] active in journalistic [D] work.

解析:B错。应改为比较级later,因此处实为与1905年相比晚15年,故应使用比较级。

9)The purpose of the research had a more important meaning for them than                      .

[A] ours [B] with us [C] for ours it had [D] it did for us

解析:D为正确答案。

10)Sound travels air                    .

[A] faster through water than through [B] faster than through water and

 

[C] through water faster and[D] where it is faster through water than through

解析:A为正确答案。

11)Gerbrand von den Feckhoutone of Rembrand's pupilsfollowed [A] the style of his teacher so implicitly that [B] his paintings [C] are sometimes confused with his master [D] .

解析:D错。改为his master's.

12)The more [A] fearsome of all the [B] animals in [C] the Western [D] Hemisphere is the grizzly bear.

解析:A错。改为most.

13)Of all economic [A] problemsinflation continues to be [B] a [C] most significant in its daily impact on [D] people and business.

解析:C错。改为the significant是多音节形容词,在此处应用最高级形式(在前面加 the most),注意句中的“of all… ”。

14)the most familiar to general public is the criminal jurisdiction.

[A] All the activities [B] The activities

[C] Of all the activities [D] It is the activities

解析:C为正确答案。本句空白处缺状语,AB全为名词短语,不符合条件;D为句子,和空白后面的句子没有任何联系,故亦应排除。只有C正确,和后面的最高级the most familiar前后呼应。

(责任编辑:马老师 )

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